Nuclear Prep List
General Emergency Supplies:
Every prep list has multiple layers, all of which can be highly personalized. For my Nuclear Prep List this section covers the top 45 essentials for your supplies. After covering these items I will breakdown a few other areas for you to consider in your prepping for a nuclear disaster. I will cover suggestions for basic tools, medical preps, and even give you a few planning tips!
- 30 day supply of food
- 30 day supply of water
- Off Grid Heat Source or a small Heat source
- Hazmat Suit
- Extra pair of clothes
- Lights– Think grid down black outs
- Sanitation kit
- Radiation detector
- Recreational material- Cards, board games, etc.
- Decontamination Supplies–soap, water and moist towelettes will do in a pinch. There are also products made especially for radioactive decontamination, but they’re primarily sold to first responders and not easy to find for sale to consumers.
- Potassium Iodide tablets– Protects against deadly thyroid cancer from exposure to iodine-131 – commonly found in radioactive fallout. You can buy this over-the-counter and keep it on-hand – it has a shelf life of about 5 years. Choose an FDA approved brand, like IoSAT or ThyroShi
- Radiation filter or straw: This device filters radioactive particles like: Radon 222, Radium, Plutonium, Uranium, Strontium, Cesium 137, and Radioactive Iodine, out of water. Look for devices approved by the NELAC (National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference.)
- Plastic bags
- Disposable vinyl gloves
- N95 Masks
- Gas Masks
- All weather radio
- Ham Radio
- Power Banks- Anker or Goal Zero
- Duct Tape
- Gorilla tape
- Light Sticks
- 5-Gallon Buckets
- Portable Toilet (optional)
- Sturdy shoes or work boots
- Rain gear
- Thermal underwear
- Work Gloves
- Plastic bags for waste (if there is no toilet in the shelter space)
- Cell phone,
- Cell Phone charger & adapters
- Family emergency contact information
- Cash small bills- people won’t be makeing any change for you after SHTF
- Emergency blanket
- Extra sets of keys (house, car)
- Whistle – helps first responders locate you
- Liquid household bleach
- Wool Blankets or sleeping bags
- Back Up Water Storage: You can never have enough water!!
This list could be a lot larger and I am sure someone is cursing my name for forgetting some really obvious choices. Tools like survival gear is a personal choice and largely based around your plan. If you have more space to store more tools by all means be my guest. But if you are just looking for the bare essentials this is your list
General Medical Supplies
Medical tools are great to have but they are even better when you know how to use them. You might not be able to become a surgeon but you can easily learn the basics by taking first aid classes and reading a few books before the SHFT happens. If you are preparing in a group I highly suggest adding a friend or two that has medical training to your survival group.
- Prescription Medications- at least a 7day supply.
- First Aid Kit or Stomp Kit
- Denture Needs
- Extra contacts and glasses
- Medical Information– List of medications, medical information, physician’s names/phone #’s.
- Glasses, contact lenses,
- Mobility devices,
- Hearing aids & batteries)
- Iodine Solution (tincture of iodine or Betadine)
“Failing to prepare is planning to fail”- Benjamin Franklin
Create a plan and then a back up plan for your first plan. Nothing ever goes just the way you envision it in life and even more so in a survival situation. Planning and practice runs can be the difference between living or dying…it’s that simple!
- Maps and Directions– keep in mind you may not have access to the Internet or GPS satellites.
- Evacuation plans– do you have friends or family out of the area that you could stay with in a crisis? Have their information, phone numbers, directions available. Make sure to have multiple routes planned to get to your desired location.
- Plans for your pets– For the big time animal lover, you may want create a plan for your pets. If you have the time and if you can’t bring them with you, you may want to create a list of places where you could board them. Phone numbers and directions would be a good idea.
Being able to prove who you are and what you own is important after disaster strikes. I am sure that some folks preparing for nuclear war may feel that the world will never bounce back and possessions will become meaningless. All though this may be true depending on your disaster scenario, if the world does fix it’s self I would love to have the needed documentation to help pick up the pieces. For this reason, I keep hard copies in a secure location and digital copies of these documents on a tough Survivor USB stick. This guy is small and as tough as nails but holds a ton of data. Here’s what you need to store:
- Personal Papers (Can be made part of the Family Disaster Plan)
- Wills, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks, and bonds
- Passports, Social Security Cards, Immunization Records
- Bank account numbers
- Credit card account numbers and company contacts
- Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)
- Local emergency coordinators and first-responder info
- Print out information you may need
General Tips From The Editor
- Inventory of valuable household goods- you can’t use it if you don’t know you have it!
- Every family is unique. You may have emergency needs not included in this list. Figure out those special needs and plan for them now.
- Remember to update your kit according to changing needs of your family and seasons.
- Be sure it’s ready to use and accessible! In a disaster situation, you may need to get your emergency supply kit quickly, whether you are sheltering at home or evacuating.
- Once you have gathered your supplies, pack the items in easy-to-carry containers.
- Clearly label the containers and store them where you and other members of your family can reach them easily.
- Make sure you show your family where your preps are located and how to use them. You are only as strong as your weakest link!
- Know Your House: Find out where your gas, electric, and water shut-off locations are, and how to turn them off.
- Remember that certain items, like medications and paper documents, need to be kept in waterproof containers or in controlled environments free of major temperature changes.
- You may need additional supplies to make sure the whole family is ready. Remember not everyone prepares!
- Keep everything in a covered storage container. Store papers, medications, matches, batteries, phones, radios, flashlights,(and anything else subject to water damage) in waterproof containers.
- Check the expiration dates on food, water, medicine, and batteries at least two times per year. It’s extremely important that all items in your kit are functional at the time of an emergency.
Nuclear Attacks According To Ready.gov
In general, potential targets include
- Strategic missile sites and military bases.
- Centers of government such as Washington, DC, and state capitals.
- Important transportation and communication centers.
- Manufacturing, industrial, technology, and financial centers.
- Petroleum refineries, electrical power plants, and chemical plants.
- Major ports and airfields.
The three factors for protecting oneself from radiation and fallout are distance, shielding and time.
- Distance – the more distance between you and the fallout particles, the better. An underground area such as a home or office building basement offers more protection than the first floor of a building. Shielding – the heavier and denser the materials – thick walls, concrete, bricks, books and earth – between you and the fallout particles, the better.
- Time – fallout radiation loses its intensity fairly rapidly. In time, you will be able to leave the fallout shelter. Radioactive fallout poses the greatest threat to people during the first two weeks, by which time it has declined to about 1 percent of its initial radiation level.
Taking shelter during a nuclear blast is absolutely necessary. There are two kinds of shelters:
- Blast shelters are specifically constructed to offer some protection against blast pressure, initial radiation, heat and fire. But even a blast shelter cannot withstand a direct hit from a nuclear explosion.
- Fallout shelters do not need to be specially constructed for protecting against fallout. They can be any protected space, provided that the walls and roof are thick and dense enough to absorb the radiation given off by fallout particles.
Remember that any protection, however temporary, is better than none at all, and the more shielding, distance and time you can take advantage of, the better.
Before a Nuclear Blast
The following are things you can do to protect yourself, your family and your property in the event of a nuclear blast.
- Build an Emergency Supply Kit
- Make a Family Emergency Plan.
- Find out from officials if any public buildings in your community have been designated as fallout shelters.
- If your community has no designated fallout shelters, make a list of potential shelters near your home, workplace and school, such as basements, subways, tunnels, or the windowless center area of middle floors in a high-rise building.
- During periods of heightened threat increase your disaster supplies to be adequate for up to two weeks.
During a Nuclear Blast
The following are guidelines for what to do in the event of a nuclear explosion.
- Listen for official information and follow the instructions provided by emergency response personnel.
- If an attack warning is issued, take cover as quickly as you can, below ground if possible, and stay there until instructed to do otherwise.
- Find the nearest building, preferably built of brick or concrete, and go inside to avoid any radioactive material outside.
- If better shelter, such as a multi-story building or basement can be reached within a few minutes, go there immediately.
- Go as far below ground as possible or in the center of a tall building.
- During the time with the highest radiation levels it is safest to stay inside, sheltered away from the radioactive material outside.
- Radiation levels are extremely dangerous after a nuclear detonation but the levels reduce rapidly.
- Expect to stay inside for at least 24 hours unless told otherwise by authorities.
- When evacuating is in your best interest, you will be instructed to do so. All available methods of communication will be used to provide news and / or instructions.
If you are caught outside and unable to get inside immediately:
- Do not look at the flash or fireball – it can blind you.
- Take cover behind anything that might offer protection.
- Lie flat on the ground and cover your head. If the explosion is some distance away, it could take 30 seconds or more for the blast wave to hit.
- Take shelter as soon as you can, even if you are many miles from ground zero where the attack occurred – radioactive fallout can be carried by the winds for hundreds of miles.
- If you were outside during or after the blast, get clean as soon as possible, to remove radioactive material that may have settled on your body.
- Remove your clothing to keep radioactive material from spreading. Removing the outer layer of clothing can remove up to 90% of radioactive material.
- If practical, place your contaminated clothing in a plastic bag and seal or tie the bag. Place the bag as far away as possible from humans and animals so that the radiation it gives off does not affect others.
- When possible, take a shower with lots of soap and water to help remove radioactive contamination. Do not scrub or scratch the skin.
- Wash your hair with shampoo or soap and water. Do not use conditioner in your hair because it will bind radioactive material to your hair, keeping it from rinsing out easily.
- Gently blow your nose and wipe your eyelids and eyelashes with a clean wet cloth. Gently wipe your ears.
- If you cannot shower, use a wipe or clean wet cloth to wipe your skin that was not covered by clothing.
After a Nuclear Blast
People in most of the areas that would be affected could be allowed to come out of shelter within a few days and, if necessary, evacuate to unaffected areas. The heaviest fallout would be limited to the area at or downwind from the explosion. It might be necessary for those in the areas with highest radiation levels to shelter for up to a month.
Returning to Your Home
Remember the following when returning home:
- Keep listening to the radio and television for news about what to do, where to go and places to avoid.
- Stay away from damaged areas. Stay away from areas marked “radiation hazard” or “HAZMAT.”